Ashfall and blast zone sites have been sampled in order to monitor the recovery of insect and spider populations reduced by the May 1980 eruption. There were many survivors of the eruption in ashfall sites, especially of sedentary species and others that were protected in micro-refugia. Mortality in arthropod populations was correlated with the depth of the ashfall. Using ant colonies as an index, areas with 15 cm or less of ash deposited had species numbers similar to sites outside the devastated area. However in all areas arthropod populations have remained low compared to arthropod population recovery following clearcutting.