Observation of recolonization of amphibians and reptiles in North Fork Toutle River debris avalanche.

Various reports indicate in situ survival of or early migration of some amphibians into regions of the blast zone following the major eruptions on May 1980. Investigators observed salamanders, frogs and toads as early as 1980 and 1981 in areas of heavy ashfall northeast of the crater. Survival at higher elevations likely was favored by snow and ice cover and the fact that many animals were in hibernacula.

 

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