Physiological and population ecology of lupines colonizing early successional habitats on Mount St. Helens

Lupinus lepidus and Lupinus latifolius were prominent survivors and among the first colonizers of early succession habitats following the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. Several physiological and morphological properties of seedlings and adults were found to govern the response of these species to the harsh environmental conditions of these habitats.


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