Research About fungi

Posted On: Filed Under: Biological Research

Fungal and mycorrhizal succession in the Mount St. Helens devastation area

Samples of tephra deposits from the May 1980 eruption showed no mycorrhizal fungi in 1980 to 1985. Samples of buried soils and mudflow soil, however, showed that mycorrhizal fungi did survive the volcanic disturbance. Plant succession patterns in areas of tephra deposits reflect the distribution of mycorrhizae in that plants that resprouted or germinated from old soils where mycorrhizal fungi were present were much more successful than seedlings that germinated in the tephra that lacked these fungi. Mudflow soils and old soils that were exposed as when tephra eroded were initially much more conducive to revegetation at least partly because these soils contained the mycorrhizal fungi.

 

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Posted On: Filed Under: Biological Research

Recovery of mycorrhizal associations on Mount St. Helens.

This work has studied the recovery of mycorrhizal associations on Mount St. Helens since the eruption in 1980. Mycorrhizal associations are symbioses between plants and fungi localized on the roots of plants. The fungi provide much of the nutrients utilized by the plants and the plants provide carbohydrates to the fungi. The associations on Mount St. Helens range from those plants that form facultative mycorrhizal associations, many herbaceous species including Lupinus lepidus, L., latifolius, and Epilobium angustifolium, to the coniferous trees that are obligately dependent on mycorrhizae.

 

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