Underground Survivors

Subterranean mammals like pocket gophers were protected from the blast by their underground burrows. Gophers are influencing vegetation establishment in surprising ways.

Charlie Crisafulli, Ecologist

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University of Washington / Jerry Franklin USFS / Fred Swanson USFS / Peter Frenzen US Army Corps Engineers USFS / Fred Swanson University of New Mexico / Cliff Dahm © Charlie Crisafulli © Charlie Crisafulli © Charlie Crisafulli Quinault Indian Nation / Larry Workman